How is IoT Changing the Future of Cruising?

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In this special guest feature, Ian Richardson, CEO & Co-Founder, theICEway, discusses how as the world continues to open for travel, cruise industry leaders are looking to leverage the next wave of travel technology to improve the passenger experience. With 20+ years of experience in both IT and the cruise industry, Ian Richardson co-founded theICEway in 2007, a leading IT solutions, technology consultancy and managed services provider. theICEway ecosystem of companies understand the challenges of IT at sea. Ian regularly speaks at conferences in Europe and America on technology challenges for the cruise and travel industry, digitalization and future technologies and is proud to be Seatrade Global’s Technology Ambassador.

It was 2019 when Carnival Corp. first launched a ‘Star Trek communicator’-like device called “the OceanMedallion.” Since then, there’s been an Internet of Things (IoT) tidal wave of investments and advancements from cruise lines and operators. It’s transforming the way people cruise across the globe and – in many ways – cruise tech is still emerging to provide a real-time picture of the ship’s most valuable cargo, its passengers.

The potential applications for IoT on these technology-enhanced floating cities are limitless. From fuel optimization to preemptive maintenance, improved logistics to health and safety, advanced technology is playing a key role in operations. While cruise lines pursue IoT solutions at different levels, it is swiftly unleashing a new approach to customer experience on the open seas. 

Understanding guest preferences with insights 

Now more than ever, cruise lines are using data and analytics to create a personalization engine that gives guests control over different touch-points in their cruising experience. Based on passenger behavior, these engines can learn, record and assist crews in responding to preferences from the moment of boarding. Brands can collect detailed data to better understand the customer journey, tailor-make offers and drive relevant content.

Crew members welcome the efficiencies technology creates when it comes to entering a guest room for servicing, sending mass communications to all passengers or accessing personal medical records during an emergency.

While guests enjoy the experience on their own terms, behind the scenes is an innovative digital system. To customize each aspect of a passenger’s itinerary, often, cruise lines use mobile, cloud, machine learning and data analytics to create a layered technology infrastructure to segment passengers and recognize each guest as an individual.

Through insights, algorithms and the help of artificial intelligence, guests’ preference profiles are constructed. Unspoken desires, such as automated temperature and lighting in cabins, or TV recommendations are documented and stored for future travels. 

Placing guests at the center of digital design

Cruise lines are betting on digital technology to transform their business by creating better applications, implementing wearable technology or stand up microservices from legacy systems to improve operations. The entire customer journey has become digitalized with cruise lines better able to predict what customers want before they even know they need it. 

The potential utilizations for IoT on cruise ships are infinite:

  • Mobile applications aid in exploring, planning and booking activities at a customer’s fingertips. 
  • Onboard location services allow guests to order food and beverages from their mobile devices. While crew members are alerted to individual food allergies or sensitivities, they can also deliver directly to where the guest is located.
  • Artificial intelligence, algorithms and machine learning expedite embarkation with facial recognition and passenger counting. 
  • Wearables support with contact tracing and contactless activities like cabin entry, gateway management and payment.

Exclusive, hyper-personalization requires a full stack of networking, software, application and business insights to drive user experience. To deliver this, cruise lines must tackle the challenges of building technologies that are future-proof or augment legacy systems with new technology. 

Outlook of invigorating B2C channels

Service is truly key as it has become increasingly clear a cruise line’s competitive advantage lies in the customer experience. The allure of creating a personalized program is appealing to leaders as benefits include improved customer satisfaction, revenue growth, brand loyalty and the opportunity to create new products, services or business models.

For many cruise lines, digital transformation means more than developing an application or updating technology. It’s about creating a digital-first mindset that focuses on providing a seamless experience in every interaction for guests.

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Speak Your Mind



  1. Concerned Tech Guy says

    IoT security is notoriously bad. What stops a hacker from taking a cruise and hacking all the devices and subsequent data from passengers on the cruise for their PII, medical and financial data? The ATO potential of a captured audience is off the chart.